Components of Contracting COVID-19

Due to the overwhelming amount of positive test results, many notable organizations are investigating the factors that play a role in the likelihood of contracting COVID-19.

Two healthcare workers registering patients in New York.

Fox 10 Phoenix

Two healthcare workers registering patients in New York.

Amelia McCrory, Columnist

With the world-wide pandemic continuing, numerous theories have been formed over the factors affecting the probability of testing positive for the virus. Despite the many opinions and uncertain nature of the research so far, science has proven these lifestyle elements to have a direct impact on the likelihood of contracting COVID-19.

Body Health and Hygiene 

As of October 16, 2020, the CDC shares that people who are obese have a higher risk of contracting severe illness through COVID-19. For reference, a BMI greater than 30 kg/m2 but less than 40 kg/m² qualifies for obesity. People with a BMI greater than 40kg/m², are considered to be facing severe obesity. Likewise, adults with a history of smoking also have a greater chance of contracting the virus. The CDC recommends that smokers quit as soon as possible; though COVID-19 may not be a point of concern to some, smoking has other major side effects relating to various lung diseases and a shortened lifespan.

Blood Types

While COVID-19 testing continues across the nation, many people question the relationship between our anatomy and the virus itself. As the research has widened, many theories relating to blood have been formed. Harvard Medical School observed that individuals who possess a blood type of B or AB who are Rh positive have an increased chance of contracting the disease. On the other hand, adults with type O have less of a chance of catching it. However, it’s important to note that, according to Harvard Medical School, a person’s blood type will only correlate to their chance of testing positive for the disease, not the symptoms present when sick.

Underlying Medical Conditions

As the virus has continued, healthcare workers have concluded that people with pre-existing conditions such as asthma or diabetes are at greater risk of fatality if sick with COVID-19. To provide awareness, the CDC provides a list of risky conditions, and special precautions needed for each of them.

To piece together this information, the growing factors and theories play a role in the probability of an adult contracting COVID-19 and testing positive. Although many theories have been formed, some main ones mention obesity, health history and habits, blood types, and underlying conditions. Whoever you are, though, just make sure to stay safe and protect the vulnerable however you can.